Six Indian states reported total wind and solar energy shares in 2022 that were higher than the world average.
An energy think tank called Ember recently published a study report in which it stated that wind and solar energy now account for 12% of the world's electricity. With 165 TWh of total clean energy, India's combined contribution of wind and solar energy reached 9% in 2022.
The research tank's fourth annual report provided data on power from 78 countries, which account for 93% of the world's electrical demand.
According to the survey, six Indian states also recorded a total share of wind and solar energy in 2022 that was higher than the global average. Goa (78%), Rajasthan (36%), Gujarat (30%), Karnataka (28%), Tamil Nadu (22.2%), and Andhra Pradesh (19.12%) were some of these.
According to the estimate, coal accounted for the majority of India's energy generation in 2022 at 77%, followed by gas at 2.7% and other fossil fuels at 0.1%.
Ember’s senior electricity policy analyst, Aditya Lolla, said, “India's clean electricity transition journey has now reached a critical juncture. The country needs to build upon its recent solar power surge. It needs to ramp up renewable generation capacity to meet its growing demand, build enough storage capacity to meet peak demand and develop infrastructure to facilitate grid integration. These are all big challenges but they need to be addressed for India to achieve its 500 GW non-fossil capacity by 2030 and ensure its coal-fired generation is closer to peaking.”
Worldwide, the survey found that nuclear power and all renewable energy sources accounted for 39% of the global generation last year, with solar's portion increasing by 24% and wind's share decreasing by 17% from the year before.
In 2022, the expansion of wind and solar energy provided 80% of the additional electricity needed worldwide.
Power sector emissions in 2022 would have been 20% higher if all electricity generated by wind and solar had instead been powered by fossil fuels, according to the analysis. Ember predicts that fossil fuel generation will reduce by 0.3% this year, followed by further declines in coming years as additional wind and solar power comes online, assuming average growth in energy consumption and clean power.